Sunday, 19 May 2019


What ARCT is engaged with




  • Basic rights violations in vulnerable groups in male prison settings
  • Country studies reveal continued concerns for the human rights of women in detention


  • Combating Hate crime in Albania
  • ARCT sings MoU with Albanian State Police
  • ARCT partners with Assist Impact to fight Corruption in detention

About ARCT 20-years history

The Albanian Rehabilitation Centre for Trauma and Torture (ARCT) is operating in Albania since 1995, designing and implementing programs aiming to contribute in building a democratic society without use of torture in a country where strong political persecution has been seen for a long, almost 50 years period of the 20th century.

Lessons from the past is worth learning, especially if they call for a special attention towards respect for human rights and human dignity- this has been, and still is, one of the basic assumptions of ARCT engagement in offering Rehabilitation of torture victims services (combined with scrupulous documentation of violation practices and human suffering) as well as Prevention of Torture programs (reporting periodically to International agencies/organizations on the situation of torture in the country, training for police and health staff in prison, pre-detention places, psychiatric hospitals, educational system), providing assistance and a window of opportunities for this target group. These initiatives are made possible through support of donors such as the UNVFVT, DIGNITY, Open Society Institute (currently, ongoing).

As a representative of the Albanian civil society, ARCT is operating in a field where international support is yet vital for the continuity of work, as state institutions are often indifferent or even against (openly or hidden ) human rights organizations. Through such international support ARCT has been able to influence directly in a number of areas:

offering services to a large number of torture victims in the country (more than 3000 individuals) contributing to a better life (although yet very difficult) of a defined social group“ former political persecuted influencing on national legal frame, besides other, in regard to: 

Service and treatment of inmates in prisons and pre-detention facilities

Service and treatment of individuals in psychiatric hospitals and forensic psychiatry facilities

Social Integration of former political persecuted

ARCT represents a concrete opportunity for studies/ research/ surveys, lobbying and advocacy initiatives, training and public events through its staff: there is a team of 2 lawyers (MAs in European and international studies); 2 medical doctors, 3 psychologists (PHD in mental health); 2 social workers; 2 financial managers and other part-time experts, academics, diplomats and journalists.

UN CAT on 26 June

Dear Human Rights Activists and Supporters, 

On the occasion of the International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, the UN Committee against Torture, the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture, the Special Rapporteur on Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, the Special Rapporteur on the promotion of truth, justice, reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence and the Board of Trustees of the UN Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture have issued a joint press release to urge governments to support victims of torture and their families and to place a renewed focus on a victim-oriented approach. 

Read the joint statement here:

The Albanian Rehabilitation Centre for trauma and Torture is also using this opportunity to share with you the link to its Alternative Report to the UN Human Rights Committee 108th session on the Second Report of Albania to ICCPR.


Read the report here:

 ARCT Secretariat

UN Statement on 26 June

Dear Human Rights Activists and Supporters, 

On the occasion of the International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, the Albanian Rehabilitation Centre for Trauma and Torture is honored to share with you the link to the Secretary-General's statement which calls upon all member States to step up efforts to support victims of torture. 

Read the Secretary-General's message here:

ARCT Secretariat

Si i fshihte Sigurimi të vrarët pa gjyq që mbeteshin pa varr. Një rrëfim nga Themi Bare

Rrëfimi i Themi Bares: Si i fshihte Sigurimi të vrarët pa gjyq që mbeteshin pa varr


Flet Themi Bare, ish-sekretar i Këshillit Shkencor të Ministrisë.

“Me porosi të Enver Hoxhës, të dënuarve me vdekje u regjistroheshin fjalët e fundit pak çaste para ekzekutimit”

“Në të gjitha rastet operohej me urdhër sekret të ministrit”

Të vrarët pa gjyq, që mbetën pa varr, janë pjesa më makabre e historisë së Sigurimit famëkeq të regjimit komunist. As një rresht, asnjë fjalë nuk ka për ta në dokumentet e arkivave sekrete. Faktin tronditës e sjell në vëmendjen e opinionit njëri nga funksionarët e lartë të ish-Ministrisë së Brendshme, në formën e denoncimit për një masakër ende të pazbardhur me dhjetëra e qindra viktima të pafajshme. Themi Bare, autori i librit “Historia e armës së Sigurimit të Shtetit”, duke iu referuar këtij kapitull të zi, siç e quan ai, dëshmon se pjesa më e madhe e të zhdukurve pa gjurmë nga Policia Sekrete ishin kundërshtarë politikë dhe të tjerë që nuk pranonin të bëheshin bashkëpunëtorë të saj. Sakaq, ish-zyrtari i Sigurimit pohon se rastet e të dënuarve që ekzekutoheshin fshehurazi dhe atyre që vdisnin në qeli nga torturat e autoriteteve policore, trajtoheshin me  shpërfillje
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Appeal: Victims of Communist Regime urge attention for their status as Human Beings

Hunger strike of former politically persecuted in Tirana- started in September 21, 2012 from 20 former political persecuted during the communist years, is currently continuing with 6 men suffering from severe health problems. The strike began as an opportunity to address economic issues for the categories of former political prisoners, seeking compensation according to 1991, 1993 laws on innocence and status of FPPs; the 2007 Law on financial compensation that entitles former political prisoners to rehabilitation, financial compensation and reintegration for the time spent in prison. Meanwhile 1 Month has passed and strikers are still struggling to receive attention and understanding from state structures.

The current health situation of the 6 remaining strikers urges immediate intervention and specialized health treatment – as human being and torture survivors. They refuse due to police pressure to dissolve the hunger strike: no one would be able to follow the hunger strike, once they will be hospitalized. Despite health situation, they remain firm to their right to urge solution from the state structures.

ARCT urges attention of national and international community to the sufferings of 6 human beings that have spent most of their lives in communist prisons for better life.

ARCT calls for the application and acknowledgement of all international treaties/conventions for the protection of fundamental rights and freedoms in the current case of this Hunger Strike.

Albania: Government should honour the rights of former political prisoners

We enclose a public statement  on the rights of former political prisoners, by Amnesty International
Click on the link below: 

We don't accept PINK WASHING in Albania - Look what happened today in Tirana (VIDEO)

The terrible act of Gjergj Ndreca who inflamed himself today in Tirana as a sign of protest against the fact that the government is ignoring the demands of former political prisoners in Albania, is the real indicator of how bad is the situation with human rights in Albania.  

Ndreca who has been hospitalized after setting himself on fire to demand quicker payment of compensation for victims of the former communist regime, is 53 years old. He is among a group of some 20 former political prisoners on hunger strike on a street in central Tirana. They are demanding that the government meets its pledges to pay victims of the former regime 2,000 leks ($18.32; €14.05) per day of imprisonment.

There is a principle upon every other principle that has structured all human rights documents on which the smartest nations base their lives today. It is the rights of each individual to be fulfilled, to be happy, and above all to protect and cultivate dignity. (Article 22 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights).
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Tiranë, 01.10.2012                                                                                                                                                   A P E L


Prej më shumë se 1 jave, një grup prej 20 të përndjekurish politikë kanë nisur një grevë urie. Protesta e tyre ka për qëllim përmbushjen e disa kërkesave që lidhen si me statusin e të përdjekurit ashtu dhe me procesin e bllokuar të dëmshpërblimit. Revolta, dëshpërimi dhe lodhja mbizotërojnë në tendën e grevës – një tendë kjo e lënë në haresë nga autoritetet zyrtare në pushtet dhe krejt e neglizhuar nga ana mjeksore, dy shenja të qarta këto të moskokëçarjes së qeverisë për këtë shtresë. 

Vizita e Ambasadorit të SHBA, z. Arvizu, dhe ajo e Ambasadorit të Delegacionit të BE në Tiranë, z. Sequi, në tendën e “të harruarve” flet qartë për rëndësinë që merr zgjidhja e problematikës së kësaj shtrese për Shqipërinë. Mbështetja e kërkesave të grevistëve dhe qëndrimi krah tyre përcon një mesazh të fortë solidariteti lidhur me çështjen e përndjekjes politike: ka ardhur koha që ajo të zgjidhet me seriozitetin që meriton.

Foto Gjate Greves

Click on the image to see more:

Click on the photo to see more:

10 Dite Greve, 20 te perndjekurit pa pergjigje


10 Dite Greve, 20 te perndjekurit pa pergjigje

Petrit Horjeti - 26 vjet ne burgun e Burrelit- Lindur ne Tepelene ne 1939, Vendbanimi Tirane, pa pension, beqar dhe I pa strehe.

Gjergj Ndreca - 7.5 vjet ne burgun e Spaçit dhe Qafe-barit-vendlindja Durres ne1961, Vendbanimi Tirane I martuar me 4 femije, I papune, I pastrehe

Fatmir Lloçi - 7 vjet ne burgun e Spaçit- Vendlindja Kukes ne 1956, Vendbanimi Tirane I martuar me 3 femije, I papune.

Kujtim Kaziu - 10 vjet ne burgun e Spaçit- vendlindja Kruje ne 1958, vendbanimi Durres, I martuar me 3 femije, I papune.

Petrit Lipo - 18 vjet ne burgun e Burrelit- vendlindja Pogradec ne 1959, Vendbanimi Tirane I martuar me 1 femije, I papune.

Shpetim Karamuca - 26 vjet ne burgun e Burrelit dhe Spaçit- Vendlindja Korçe ne 1941, Vendbanimi Tirane. Nje djale. Pa pension, I pastrehe.

Gazment Hamiti - 5 vjet ne Qafe- Bari, vendlindja Tirane ne 1959, I martuar me 4 femije, I papune.

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26 June- UN(inversal) Day Against Torture

26 June 2012 – Rehabilitation works and is a torture survivor's right

The United Nations International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, on the 26th of June, gives us the opportunity to stand united and remind the world that torture is a cruel violation of human rights.

Rehabilitation is the theme for the 26 June 2012 campaign. Rehabilitation empowers torture victims to resume as full a life as possible. However, rebuilding the life of someone whose dignity has been destroyed takes time and is the result of long-term material, medical, psychological and social support

Please read following link:



ARCT organized an open event in Tirana's Boulevard entitled "They require a grave", dedicated to around 4500 former political persecuted that were executed without a trial during the communist regime. ARCT is the main organization in Albania which has dedicated 16 years of its exsistence to the Cause of the Historical Memories.

This event is part of the June Activities dedicated to the National Campain "ALBANIA WITHOUT TORTURE".


Albania: Torture and ill-treatment in places of detention

Extracts from the ARCT Shadow Report to UN

The Albanian penitentiary system is comprised by 22 penitentiary facilities (pretrial detention and prisons); some inherited from the previous Communist regime and some newly built. While the new facilities have significantly raised the standard for conditions of detention, the remaining 19 old facilities face a series of challenges including problems with material conditions, hygiene and lack of professional staff. These problems are well documented in numerous visit reports by the European Committee on Prevention of Torture (CPT) and are thus well know by the Albanian authorities. The situation in police pretrial facilities is of grave concern with approximately, 25% of detainee’s surveyed by ARCT in 2015 reporting being exposed to violence during arrest or custody.

In addition, various internal police inspection reports have documented unsuitable detention conditions and treatments of detainees in police lockups including: overcrowding and prolonged stays for persons in police custodial cells - sometimes up to 10 days and longer compared to the legal limit of 48 hours, substandard physical conditions, lack of access to health and mental health care, inadequate protection for vulnerable persons, abuse of detainees, poor sanitary conditions, lack of adequate accommodation, and juveniles being held with adults.

Monitoring places of deprivation of liberty (particularly police custodial cells and pretrial detention) re-mains the most important element in ending these violations. In accordance with the Albanian Constitution and national legislation, prisons and police authorities have various internal monitoring mechanism. Since 2010, the institution of People’s Advocate has been functioning as the Albanian National Preventive Mechanism under the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture (OPCAT).


President Honors ARCT Director

The President Topi honors former political persecuted and personalities with important contributions for the Albanian democracy


1 March 2012

The ARCT executive Director, Mr. Adrian Kati recieved a Medal of Gratitude by His Excellency, the President of the Republic of Albania, Prof. Dr. Bamir Topi, with the motivation “For the contribution on integration of the former political persecuted,  for his activity on the protection of human rights, awarenness on torture eradication and prison monitoring. 

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In 2011...

In 2011...

•             Albanian rehabilitation Centre for Trauma and Torture Albanian ARCT contributed in developing access to places of detention through implementation of more than 80 monitoring visits in places of detention, medical examinations, forensic expertise, and psychological assistance for both prison population and former political prisoners.

(We have documented more than 30 thousands stories, photographs, and historical information since early ‘90s, which will be advocated under the slogan “Historical Memories” in the country, and organize a Unique Exhibition at the premises of the President of the Republic)

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Calendar of activities

Dialogue with EU and Albanian Government for the process of integration

16.04.2011 Meeting of CSOs with Mr. Stefano Sannino, Deputy Director of the DG-Enlargement on the progress and fulfillments of the action plan on 12 Priorities
22.04.2011 Consultative Meeting for 12 Key Priorities in the process of EU integration, with participation of the CSO, state authorities and EU
16. 05. 2011 Consultative Meeting with EUD and representatives of CSOs on the priorities for 2011-2013
16.05.2011 Meeting with Mr. Jonathan Stonestreet, Head of the ODIHR Observation Mission for local elections to Albania
24.05.2011 Consultation Meeting at the EUD on Expert Peer Assessment Mission on pre-trial detention, police custody, prevention of torture, ill-treatment and fight against impunity, with the participation of the independent EU expert and the respective officer from the Directorate General for Enlargement of the European Commission, within the framework of the 2011 Progress Report
04.10.2011 ARCT Meeting with EUD representatives, MERIDIA from Italy.
26.10.2011 ARCT Meeting with EUD program managers, and RCT, Denmark

ARCT contribution to Historical Memories….



Meeting of ARCT staff with the President of Republic after the Exhibition dedicated to Historical Memories and Former political prisoners.
02.11.2011 ARCT Meeting Mrs. Fiorentina Azizi, Head of Rule of Law/ Human Rights Department, OSCE Presence, Tirana.

Engaged with Former Political Persecuted:


Meeting of ARCT staff with Ambassador Ettore Sequi, Head of EU Delegation to Tirana.


Meeting of ARCT with Mrs. Fiorentina Azizi, Head of Rule of Law/ Human Rights Department, OSCE


Meeting with Mr. Willibold Frehner, representative of Konrad Adenaur Foundation in Albania

14.06.2011 ARCT Meeting with Mr. Karsten Jansen Aspersen, the Danish Ambasador,
14.06.2011 ARCT Meeting with Mr. Patrick Svenson the Swedish Charge-d-Affaire, in Albania
16.06.2011 ARCT Meeting with Mrs. Carola Muller, the German Ambassador
16.06.2011 ARCT meeting with Mr. Eugen Wollfarth, Head of OSCE Presence in Albania
26.06.2011 Commemorating the International Day Against Torture , as part of the international Campaign against torture by IRCT

Advocacy and Lobbying 



Meeting with Mrs. Martha Bacile Findlay, Training Advisor to Albanian State Police - International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program (ICITAP)


Meeting with Mr. Alan MacDonald, Resident Twinning Adviser, EURALIUS Program to the Ministry of Justice


Consultative Meeting on draft law on Mental Health, organized by WHO and the Ministry of Health (ARCT introduced a position paper with respective recommendations)


Joint Press Declaration of the International Secretariat of the OMCT in the framework of the International Campaign for the Absolute Prohibition of Torture and Ill-treatment ‘Nothing can justify torture under any circumstances’ with the support of the Mairie of Geneva (see


Meeting with Mr. Marco Leidekker, Head of Office, Council of Europe, former CPT Member


    Mission of Open Society Institute, Budapest to Albania
27.06.2011 Joint Activity with the Albanian Helsinki Committee at the Jordan Misja Prisons and Women Prison
19- 21.10.2011 Annual meeting of the IRCT Alliance NGOs, on the strategic developments and priorities for 2013-2020, Brussels

ARCT Participation in the Regional Conference on Research and Rehabilitation , organized by IAN, Belgrade, Serbia.

16.11.2011 Kosovo People’s Advocate and KRCT representatives, OSCE- Kosovo have visited ARCT
13-16.12.2011 ARCT Participation in the International Conference on Mental Health and OPCAT, Poland

Reports and presentations, invitations


08.03. 2011

Participation in the ceremony on International Women day, activity organized by the Head of EU delegation in Tirana.


Round table on the role of NGOs contribution for guaranteeing of European standards

09.05.2011 ARCT participation in the commemoration of Europe’ Day, activity organized by the EU delegation in Tirana 
9-13.05.2011 ARCT Participation in European Network of Rehabilitation Center for Survivors of Torture, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Participation in Voluntarism Conference organized by the “Fondazione Falcone” Palermo-Italy

23.05.2011 ARCT Participation in the Round Table on “Networking in the EU and benefits for the western Balkans countries”, organized by Partners Albania.
25.05.2011 ARCT participation of launching ceremony of ADRF Program on Disabilities, supported by UNDP Albania
16.05.2011 ARCT participation in training session on Management and Operations, organized by TACSO.
31.05.2011 ARCT participation in the Regional Conference “Development of philanthropies in Albania”, organized by Partners Albania
8.06.2011 ARCT Participation in the workshop on social reintegration of juveniles in conflict with the law, organized by CRCA and UNICEF, Save the Children.
7-10.06.2011 ARCT participation in the Regional Conference on Human Trafficking, organized as part of the ARIADNE Network- against trafficking of human beings, Greece.
15.06.2011 ARCT Participation in the TASCO management and operational training.

ARCT Participation in the Conference on the Role of civil society organized by the Centre for Legal Initiatives, supported by USAID.

31.10.2011 ARCT Participation in meeting on the Fiscal system for the CSOs in Albania

Special Visit of the RCT Board and Executives to ARCT


9-12.11.2011 RCT Board Mission to Albania and visits
9.11.2011 ARCT & RCT Meeting with the Danish Ambassador
10.11.2011 ARCT & RCT Meeting with Mr. Florina Nuni, Acting People’s Advocate

ARCT & RCT Meeting with Prof. Dr. Bamir Topi, President of the Republic of Albania


ARCT & RCT Meeting with Mr. Gazment Dibra, General Prisons Director


ARCT & RCT Visit at the Prisons Hospital, Tirana

12.11.2011 ARCT & RCT Visit at Kruja Special Institute, Kruja

ARCT & RCT Meeting with the representatives of CSOs in Albania

  ARCT & RCT Interview with the Deutche Welle reporters. 

Monitoring and Documentation Torture in Prisons

DEALING WITH TORTURE /Monitoring and Documentation…

This component explains how human rights fact-finding and documentation can support sustainable development, reforms and policy change.

• Human rights monitoring is at the heart of ARCT human rights work, helping uncover human rights violations and their causes. Human rights monitoring also has the potential to empower marginalized groups by providing a way to name their experiences as human rights violations and to identify solutions. Monitoring provided concrete, step-by-step examples for how human rights situation is being used to analyze sustainable developments in places of detention, based on ARCT’ experiences with an ongoing fact-finding projects. Intended for service providers, litigation lawyers, policy advocates, and grant makers who want to learn how human rights monitoring can be part of their organizing or policy work, the outcome of Monitoring helped various stakeholders understand how to better address the identified priorities as part of larger strategies.

What striking in case of human rights violations in places of detention?

  • Pressure to resolve criminal cases on conviction rates and/or cases
  • The non-existence of or failure to implement, legislative fair-trial safeguards, such as access to lawyers and doctors, limits on pre-trial detention periods and related guarantees
  • The absence of interrogation procedures that tend to safeguard against torture
  • The failure to investigate allegations of torture promptly and impartially
  • The failure of judiciary to punish adequately – or at all – those guilty of the criminal offence of torture
  • Immunity for certain officials from prosecution and courts for torture.
  • A lack of training and/or access to evidence-collection techniques, resulting in an excessive reliance on confessions as the main source of evidence

In full compliance with the Article 1 of UNCAT, the Article 3 of the ECHR, the ECPT, the article 86, 87 of the Criminal Code, the Law on Treatment of the detainees and institutionalized MoUs with People’s Advocate (2 January 2012); Albanian State Police (23 January 2012), General Prison Directorate (renewed on 20 March 2012), ARCT has exhausted the calendar for the monitoring visits throughout 2012.

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Facts and Success Stories

Albanian Rehabilitation Centre for Trauma and Torture (ARCT) represent a small piece of the Albanian civil society organizations: it is a non-for-profit, non-political and non-governmental organization registered and operating in Albania since 1995, designing and implementing programs aiming to contribute in building a democratic society without use of torture in a country where strong political persecution has been seen for a long, almost 50 years period of the 20th century.

Lessons from the past is worth learning, especially if they call for a special attention towards respect for human rights and human dignity – this has been, and still is, one of the basic assumptions of ARCT engagement in offering Rehabilitation of torture victims services (combined with scrupulous documentation of violation practices and human suffering) as well as Prevention of Torture programs (reporting periodically to International agencies/ organizations on the situation of torture in the country, training for police and health staff in prison, pre-detention places, psychiatric hospitals, educational system), providing assistance and a window of opportunities for this target group.  These initiatives are made possible through support of donors such as the European Commission and Open Society Institute, etc.

For many, ARCT is the last hope of those victims of neglect.  Without us,

❖  Who will assist the hundreds of politically persecuted that have spent years in exile in providing medical, psychological and legal assistance?

❖   Who will orient entire families to knock on the right doors and raise the issue at first sight  and that are not always understood?

❖  who will put pressure on the issue of torture where mostly happens through neglect and silence?

The answer is, without us, they will be on their own.

For many years this population has faced a model of denial and neglect from state authorities, changing them into a large group of population practically representing Victims of a state organized torture and persecution. In such conditions we try to call for attention of the democratic international community.

Lobbying and advocating for social re-integration of a group of people counting more than 100,000 individuals (as well as their families) through jointly working with a Network of 6-8 organizations of former political persecuted remain a significant tool towards conflict prevention and mediation is a society moving with difficulty towards EU.

As a matter of fact we are speaking not only for a group of people and their families, but of consolidating within our society a model and message that:  “violations/ breaches of human rights should remain an important issue to deal with.

As a representative of the Albanian civil society, ARCT is an organization operating in a field where international support is yet vital for the sustainability and continuity of work, as state institutions are often indifferent or even against (openly or hidden ) human rights organizations.


National Campaing "Albania witout Torture"


 • Choosing the UNCAT and the OPCAT ensures an indisputable legal and political basis that helps achieving sustainable results: (a) promote sustainable changes in attitudes and practices in places of detention, (b) monitoring of places of detention (c) development of staff capacities and expertise, and (d) empower CSOs as monitors. 

• We provide unified methodology in monitoring, documentation of torture and ill-treatment, focusing both on medical aspects; education, and individual representation to the most vulnerable people deprived of their liberty.

ARCT was the first organization in the country introducing the tailored-made format of Documentation of Torture in prisons, based on the implementation of the Istanbul Protocol. The format was introduced to all penitentiary system

 • We work together with prisons staff (health care, education and police) in promoting the proper standards in working with vulnerable Groups in prisons. Recently ARCT in cooperation with GPD has developed the Protocol of work for the medical staff in prisons.

We provide help for the victims of police brutality, violence in prison, lack of medical treatment, lack of court representation and legal aid, those suffering from chronic diseases and mental health.

• We advocate and lobby for legislative and administrative changes that help to improve the humane conditions in places of detention, reduce the risk of violence, improve prisons’ services. A consistent pressure on the state authorities to adhere to national and international law and standards has been provided through many recommendations and issues raised.

• The UN Convention of the rights of persons with disabilities remain a challenging instrument in the light of all measures, legal interventions, services provided to special categories of persons, their needs particularly when forgotten in prisons.  A Protocol for the health care staff in prisons is produced aiming at unification of the working methodology 

 • We empower hundreds of existing and new torture victims every year by informing them of their legal rights through direct services and refferals, as well as by developing and distributing information in print. More than 13 titles are annually published.

 • We provide prison staff training for the newly established and existing penitentiary institutions, through well developed and professional training materials and specific mechanisms in place for the legal, education, medical and police staff. More than 160 health care professionals (medical doctors, assistants, nurses and support staff, educators, police officers benefited from ARCT expertise and activities)

Access to Justice for Women and Juvenile in Prison


Tirane in 2010-12-22

PROJECT TITLE: "Access to justice for vulnerable and marginalized groups – Promoting Human Dignity for women and juvenile in prison"

The overall goal of the Project is to promote human dignity in prisons through eliminating


violence and inhuman treatments against vulnerable detained population, through the following (key objectives):

• Exercise due diligence to prevent, investigate and, in accordance with national legislation, punish acts of violence against women, whether those acts are perpetrated by the State or by private persons vested with power (Legal Aid Component) • Develop, in a comprehensive way, preventive approaches and all those measures of a legal, political, administrative and cultural nature that promote the protection of women against any form of violence, and ensure that the re-victimization of women does not occur because of laws insensitive to gender considerations, enforcement practices or other interventions; Adopt measures

directed towards the elimination of violence against women who are especially vulnerable to violence (Lobbying and Advocacy Component) • Undertake appropriate measures to ensure, on a basis of human dignity, access to basic health care services, psychosocial services including those related to family planning (professional and specialized services), which aim at improving preventive health services • To inform and promote a change on women's and children's rights, through examining how restorative justice processes may provide a more appropriate response to women's offending (awareness and capacity building).



Profesional Health Training


Tirane in 2010-06-25

- Professional Training courses for relevant prison staff on Health and Human Rights 21-22 and 28-29 October 2009 The training was organized in cooperation with the Centre for Staff Training at the General Prisons Directorate. The aim of the training was to provide prison staff with knowledge on national and international human rights standards, including the UNCAT and OPCAT to prevent human rights violations in prisons, to raise important issues on the implementation of such instruments with a special focus on health care. The selection of participants was made through the General Prisons Directorate. Methodologically the ARCT provided training modules developed in advance and case studies for all the participants, focusing though on an active-participatory approach rather than a conference-like approach. Participants in the training took part actively in discussions and opinions not only on pre-selected theoretical and practical issues in regard to their work on implementation of international standards and human rights violations in the prisons system, but also on positions and

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